Alloys Chemical Elements

List  of  Chemical  Elements

Atomic NoName of
element
Chemical
symbol
Origin of name
89ActiniumAcFrom the Greek word aktinos (ray)
13AluminiumAlFrom the Latin word alumen (alum)
95AmericiumAmFrom America where it was discovered
51AntimonySbFrom the Greek words anti + monos meaning not alone
18ArgonArFrom the Greek word argos meaning inactive
33ArsenicAsFrom the Greek word arsenikon meaning yellow orpiment (orpiment is arsenic trisulphide)
85AstatineAtFrom the Greek word astatos meaning unstable
56BariumBaFrom the Greek word barus meaning heavy
97BerkeliumBkNamed after Berkeley, USA where it was discovered
4BerylliumBeFrom the Greek word beryllos meaning beryl
83BismuthBiFrom the German word bisemutum
107BohriumBhNamed after Niels Bohr, the Danish physicist
5BoronBFrom the Arabic word buraq or the Persian word burah
35BromineBrFrom the Greek word bromos meaning stench
48CadmiumCdFrom the Latin word cadmia or Greek word kadmeia both meaning calamine
55CaesiumCsFrom the Latin word caesius meaning sky blue
20CalciumCaFrom the Latin word calx meaning lime
96CaliforniumCfNamed after the University of California, USA where it was discovered
6CarbonCFrom the Latin word carbo meaning charcoal
58CeriumCeNamed after the Asteroid Ceres, which had been discovered in 1801, two years before the element
17ChlorineClFrom the Greek word chloros meaning pale green
24ChromiumCrFrom the Greek word chrome meaning colour
27CobaltCoFrom the German word kobald meaning goblin or evilspirit
29CopperCuFrom cuprum, the Latin name for the island of Cyprus
96CuriumCmNamed after Pierre & Marie Curie
110DarmstadiumDsNamed after Darmstadt, Germany where it was discovered
105DubniumDbNamed after Dubnia, USSR where it was discovered
66DysprosiumDyFrom the Greek word dysprositos meaning hard to obtain
99EinsteiniumEsNamed after Albert Einstein
68ErbiumErNamed after the village of Ytterby in Sweden, where the mineral from which it was extracted came from
63EuropiumEuNamed after Europe
100FermiumFmNamed after Enrico Fermi, the Italian physicist
9FluorineFFrom the Latin word fluere meaning to flow
87FranciumFrNamed after France
64GadoliniumGdNamed after Johan Gadolin, the Finnish chemist and mineralogist
31GalliumGaFrom the Latin word Gallia meaning France
32GermaniumGeFrom the Latin word Germania meaning Germany
79GoldAuFrom the German word gold, which was itself derived from an earlier word meaning yellow
72HafniumHfFrom the Latin word Hafnia meaning Copenhagen
108HassiumHsFrom the Latin word Hassium, for the German State of Hess
2HeliumHeFrom the Greek word helios meaning sun
67HolmiumHoFrom the Greek word Holmia meaning Sweden
1HydrogenHFrom the Greek words hydro genes meaning water and generator
49IndiumInNamed after the indigo line in its atomic spectrum
53IodineIFrom the Greek word iodes meaning violet
77IridiumIrFrom the Greek word iris meaning rainbow
26IronFeFrom isarn the old Saxon word for iron
36KryptonKrFrom the Greek word kryptos meaning hidden
57LanthanumLaFrom the Greek word lanthanein meaning to lie hidden
103LawrenciumLrNamed after Ernest O. Lawrence, the inventor of the cyclotron
82LeadPbFrom the Anglo-Saxon word lead
3LithiumLiFrom the Greek word lithos meaning stone
71LutetiumLuFrom the Greek word Lutetia meaning Paris
12MagnesiumMgFrom the Greek word Magnesia, a district of Thessaly
25ManganeseMnFrom the Latin word magnes meaning magnet
108MeitneriumMtNamed after Lise Meitnerthe Austrian physicist
101MendeleviumMdNamed after Dimitri Mendeleev, the Russian chemist
80MercuryHgNamed after the planet Mercury
42MolybdenumMoFrom the Greek word molybdos meaning lead
60NeodymiumNdFrom the Greek words neos didymos meaning new twin
10NeonNeFrom the Greek word neon meaning new
93NeptuniumNpNamed after the planet Neptune
28NickelNiFrom the German word kupfernickel meaning devil's scopper
41NiobiumNbNamed after Niobe, the daughter of Tantalus in Greek mythology
7NitrogenNFrom the Greek words nitron genes meaning nitre and forming
102NobeliumNoNamed after Alfred Nobel, the Swedish chemist
76OsmiumOsFrom the Greek word osme meaning smell
8OxygenOFrom the Greek words oxy genes meaning acid and forming
46PalladiumPdNamed after the asteroid pallas which was discovered at about the same time. Derived from Pallas Athene, the Greek goddess of wisdom
15PhosphorusPFrom the Greek word phospheros meaning bringer of light
78PlatinumPtFrom the Spanish word platina meaning silver
94PlutoniumPuNamed after the planet Pluto
84PoloniumPoNamed after Poland, birthplace of Marie Curie
19PotassiumKFrom the English word potash, the ashes remaining in the pot after plant leaves were burnt and from which potassium carbonate was obtained
59PraseodymiumPrFrom the Greek words prasios didymos meaning greentwin
61PromethiumPmNamed after Prometheus, who stole fire from heaven and gave it to humans, according to Greek mythology
91ProtactiniumPaFrom the Greek word protos meaning first
86RadonRnNamed after the element radium, from which it was derived
88RadiumRaFrom the Latin word radius meaning ray
75RheniumReFrom Rhenus, the Latin for river Rhine, where one of the discoverers was born
45RhodiumRhFrom the Greek word rhodon meaning rose
111RoentgeniumRgNamed after Wilhelm C. Roentgen, the German physicist
37RubidiumRbFrom the Latin word rubidius meaning dark red
44RutheniumRuFrom Ruthenia, the Latin word for Russia
104RutherfordiumRfNamed after Ernest R. Rutherford, the New Zealand physicist and chemist
62SamariumSmNamed after samarskite the mineral from which it was isolated
21ScandiumScFrom the Latin word Scandia meaning Scandinavia
106SeaborgiumSgNamed after Glen T. Seaborg, the American nuclear chemist
34SeleniumSeFrom the Greek word selene meaning moon
14SiliconSiFrom the Latin word silicis meaning flint
47SilverAgFrom siluvar, the Old Saxon word for silver
11SodiumNaFrom soda, the English word for sodium carbonate
38StrontiumSrNamed after StrontianScotland where the mineral from which it was isolated was found
16SulphurSFrom sulphurium, the Latin word for sulphur
73TantalumTaNamed after King Tantalus, the father of Niobe in Greek mythology
43TechnetiumTcFrom the Greek word technikos meaning artificial
52TelluriumTeFrom the Latin word tellus meaning earth
65TerbiumTbNamed after Ytterby a town in Sweden where its ore was found
81ThalliumTlFrom the Greek word thallos meaning green twig
90ThoriumThNamed after Thor, the Scandinavian God of war
69ThuliumTmNamed after Thule the ancient name for Scandinavia
50TinSnFrom the Anglo-Saxon word tin
22TitaniumTiNamed after the Titans, the elder gods who ruled the earth before the Olympian gods, in Greek mythology
74TungstenWFrom the Swedish words tung sten meaning heavy stone
92UraniumUNamed after the planet Uranus
23VanadiumVNamed after Vanadis, the goddess of beauty in Scandinavian mythology
54XenonXeFrom the Greek word xenon meaning stranger
70YtterbiumYbNamed after the village of Ytterby in Sweden where its ore was found
39YttriumYNamed after the village of Ytterby in Sweden where its ore was found
30ZincZnFrom the German word zink
40ZirconiumZrFrom the Arabic word zargun meaning goldcolour
Atomic NoName of
element
Chemical
symbol
Origin of name



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